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Germela referiert über "Markteintritt Iran" in Frankfurt
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September 23, 2017
Written by:
Dr. Thomas Wülfing

GERMELA veranstaltet Tagesseminar zum Thema "Markteintritt Iran"

Seit die wirtschaftlichen Sanktionen gegen Iran aufgehoben wurden, steht Iran im Fokus von vielen Industrieunternehmen in Deutschland. Die ehemals guten Wirtschaftsbeziehungen können nun wieder belebt werden - der Investitionsstau, der sich aufgrund der Sanktionen in Iran gebildet hat, ist beträchtlich. Gute Chancen für deutsche Unternehmen also, den Markteintritt in Iran zu schaffen.

Doch bei vielen Unternehmen stellen sich zahlreiche Fragen, was den Markteintritt in Iran angeht, vielerorts herrscht Unsicherheit. Wie sind die politischen und wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen? Welchen Einfluss haben Kultur und Religion auf das Geschäftsleben? Welche rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen gilt es zu beachten?

Am 06.12.2017 wird Germela im Rahmen unserer Referententätigkeit für Vogel Business Media ein Tagesseminar zum Thema „Markteintritt Iran“ in Frankfurt am Main halten. Ziel des Seminars ist es, allen Teilnehmern die politischen und wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen seit der Aufhebung der wirtschaftlichen Sanktionen nahe zu bringen und das Land besser kennenzulernen. Nutzen Sie die Chance für Ihr Unternehmen den Markteintritt in den Iran zu schaffen!

Wie sind die politischen und wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen?

Welchen Einfluss haben Kultur und Religion auf das Geschäftsleben?

Welche rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen gilt es zu beachten?

All diese Fragen werden Ihnen in unserem Seminar beantwortet.

Anmeldung erfolgt unter diesem Link: http://www.b2bseminare.de/118

Egypt's Movable Securities Law of 2015

First, a new Egyptian law governing the taking of security over movable assets was passed in November 2015 (i.e. the law no. 115 of 2015). The new movable securities law introduced the principle of non-possessory collateral security. Its broad scope includes movable assets as well as intangible assets such as receivables, credit notes and intellectual property rights.

According to the respective Executive Regulations, issued in December 2016, the Egyptian Financial Supervisory Authority will establish an electronic online-based registration system for all pledges established under the new law to be registered and published.

However, the registration of a pledge agreement is not mandatory and a lack of registration will not render the pledge void. Still, registration of a pledge will grant the creditor a secured first rank security over the pledged asset. Furthermore, the pledged asset will be excluded from the debtor's insolvency estate thus providing even better security to the pledgee, provided the respective pledge under the new law has been perfected and registered before the commencement of the insolvency proceedings.

Pledges over Movable Assets and Receivables in Turkey

In January 2017 the new Turkish law on movable property pledges in commercial transactions (i.e. the law no. 6750) entered into force. The new legislation's principal aim is to facilitate small and medium sized enterprises' access to financing solutions that come with little interference with business operations as well as minimal financial burden with regard to commercial collateral.

The two most important changes in the legal framework for commercial pledges pertain to its scope:

While formerly only financial institutions, sales enterprises operating on credit and cooperatives could act as a pledgee and only the owner of a commercial enterprise was allowed to enter into a pledge agreement as a pledgor, the new law substantially widens the personal scope of commercial pledges. Under the new law pledge agreements are namely divided into two distinct groups with regards to the personal scope. First, where a financial institution accepts a pledge as collateral, merchants, small traders, farmers, producer organizations and self-employed persons may act as pledgee. Secondly, merchants and small traders may enter into pledge agreements with each other. This means, that commercial pledge agreements are no longer restricted to contractual relationships vis-à-vis financial institutions, but can be utilized in an extensively broader spectrum.

The second amendment to the scope of commercial pledges deals with the assets that are qualified as pledgeable. Formerly, pledge agreements were strictly limited to specific assets such as commercial titles and trade names as well as local equipment assets. Under the new legal regime the scope of pledgeable assets includes all of the pledgor's tangible and intangible assets.

Turkey will also establish a new Pledged Movable Property Registry that will be responsible for the receipt and validation of the respective written pledge agreement as well as for registration, monitoring and facilitating an increased transparency of commercial pledges.

Simplifying the UAE's Procedures for Pledges

 The United Arab Emirates (UAE) have created a new legal regime regarding the pledge of movables as security for a debt which entered into force in March 2017 (i.e. the law no. 20 of 2016). As opposed to the situation in most other middle eastern jurisdictions, the notion of disembodied pledges as well as pledges over movable and intangible assets is not entirely new to the Emirates' jurisdiction. Pledge agreements with such scope had been introduced to the UAE's law in 1993 by the Commercial Transactions Law (i.e. the law no. 18 of 1993) already. Still, the new law makes commercial pledges easier to handle by broadening the scope of admissible assets significantly and simplifying the procedures for pledges.

The scope of the new law covers any movable asset, tangible or intangible, existing or in the future.

Furthermore, the most important procedural step for creating a pledge over and asset will be registration of the pledge with the Security Registry. Once this registry is established – presumably on an electronic basis – no execution of an agreement before a notary public will be necessary anymore, as it was under the Commercial Transactions Law.


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